Targum pseudo jonathan dating
First, the mostly literal Targum Onqelos was composed during the 1st or 2nd century , combining literal translation with much additional material.Targum Neofiti and the fragments of more than forty other versions (none exactly the same) indicate its widespread use.This book analyzes Targum Pseudo-Jonathan’s unique aspects among Palestinian targums: namely, its expansions that find no targumic parallels.It constitutes a source analysis, which focuses upon PJ’s predominant source: PJu.CE Eretz Israel but tradited and studied primarily in Babylonia).It is generally quite literal in its translation, but expansive in the poetic sections.It addresses PJu's Need to Keep the People United behind the Priesthood, its catalogueing of Esoteria, and listing of Jobs outside the Temple: Calendar Keeper, Geographer, Legal Expert and Judge.
This body of work includes: Torah: (Onqelos) on the Torah (composed originally in 2nd cent.This dating is supported by seeing the consistent use of the targumist of the final version of tannaitic Midrashim that were not edited until the late fourth century. There is good authority confirming that Aquilas translated the Bible into Greek about 130 CE. They ascribed their Aramaic version to him as well.There is, however, no corroboration for connecting the Aramaic translation currently called Targum Onkelos with a person named Onkelos other than the single statement in the tractate Megillah. The only essential difference between the names of Onkelos and Aquilas in Hebrew script is the addition of the letter nun, a characteristic insertion in Babylonian Aramaic.(know as Targum Jonathan in rabbinic bibles, but referred to as Yerushalmi I in Jastrow's dictionary of rabbinic Hebrew and Aramaic); an eighth century CE composition incorporating earlier midrashic and targumic material : a targum used in Eretz-Israel and the west, built on the basis of Onqelos but adding extensive midrashic exposition, finalized only in the Byzantine era (Jastrow: Yerusalmi II).Prior to the 1950's it was known only from fragments preserved in what are called the "fragment targums" and in fragmentary pages from the Cairo Genizah.